Типы виз в США / USA Visa types

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Типы виз в США / USA Visa types

#1 Postby logos » Thu Aug 20, 2015 1:26 pm

Официальный каталог визовых категорий (на английском)

Визы бывают двух основных типов, эмиграционные и неэмиграционные. неэмиграционные визы тоже бывают либо стронг виса рулс, либо дабл интеншен визы:

Purpose of Travel - Visa Category - Required: Before applying for visa*

Athlete, amateur or professional (competing for prize money only) - B-1 - (NA)
Au pair (exchange visitor) - J - SEVIS
Australian professional specialty -E-3 - DOL
Border Crossing Card: Mexico - BCC - (NA)
Business visitor - B-1 - (NA)
CNMI-only transitional worker - CW-1 - (USCIS)
Crewmember - D - (NA)
Diplomat or foreign government official - A - (NA)
Domestic employee or nanny - must be accompanying a foreign national employer - B-1 - (NA)
Employee of a designated international organization or NATO - G1-G5, NATO - (NA)
Exchange visitor - J - SEVIS
Foreign military personnel stationed in the United States - A-2, NATO1-6 - (NA)
Foreign national with extraordinary ability in Sciences, Arts, Education, Business or Athletics - O - USCIS
Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Professional: Chile, Singapore - H-1B1 - Chile, H-1B1 - Singapore - DOL
International cultural exchange visitor - Q - USCIS
Intra-company transferee - L - USCIS
Medical treatment, visitor for - B-2 - (NA)
Media, journalist - I - (NA)
NAFTA professional worker: Mexico, Canada - TN/TD - (NA)
Performing athlete, artist, entertainer - P - USCIS
Physician - J , H-1B - SEVIS
Professor, scholar, teacher (exchange visitor) - J - SEVIS
Religious worker - R - USCIS
Specialty occupations in fields requiring highly specialized knowledge - H-1B - DOL then USCIS
Student: academic, vocational - F, M - SEVIS
Temporary agricultural worker - H-2A - DOL then USCIS
Temporary worker performing other services or labor of a temporary or seasonal nature. - H-2B - DOL then USCIS
Tourism, vacation, pleasure visitor - B-2 - (NA)
Training in a program not primarily for employment - H-3 - USCIS
Treaty trader/treaty investor - E - (NA)
Transiting the United States - C - (NA)
Victim of Criminal Activity - U - USCIS
Victim of Human Trafficking - T - USCIS
Nonimmigrant (V) Visa for Spouse and Children of a Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) - V - (NA)
Renewals in the U.S. - A, G, and NATO Visas - (NA)

*What the abbreviations above mean - Before applying for a visa at a U.S. embassy or consulate, the following is required:

DOL = The U.S. employer must obtain foreign labor certification from the U.S. Department of Labor, prior to filing a petition with USCIS.
USCIS = U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) approval of a petition or application (The required petition or application depends on the visa category you plan to apply for.)
SEVIS = Program approval entered in the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS)
(NA) = Not Applicable - Additional approval by another U.S. government agency is not required prior to applying for a visa
Important Notes:

About this chart – It is not a complete list of all travel purposes for the visa category. Select a visa category webpage for more information. The chart lists almost all nonimmigrant visa categories, with the exception of several not listed above. Refer to the Foreign Affairs Manual, 9 FAM 41.12 for all nonimmigrant visa categories.
Canadian NAFTA Professional workers – A visa not required; apply to U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) at border port of entry.
K nonimmigrant visas – For U.S. citizen fiancé(e) and spouse for immigration related purposes. Refer to Immigrant Visa Categories.
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